Silica Sol Lost Wax Precision investment Casting aluminum or Brass Pump Case

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Pump Case



Iron, Steel, Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Bronze, Brass, Aluminum, Aluminium alloy, Copper, Metals, Alloy Steel, etc.

Casting Process

Waterglass Casting, Lost Foam Casting, Silica Sol Lost Wax Investment Casting, Shell Mould Casting, Solid Investment Casting

Weight Range


Surface finish - Ra

16 - 300 μin


± 0.005 in.

Surface Treatment

Zinc Plating, Powder Coating, Painting, Black Oxide, Mirror Polish, etc.

Heat Treatment

Annealing, Quenching, Normalizing, Carburizing, Tempering



Drawing Software

Pro-E, UG, Solidworks, AutoCAD


Can form complex shapes and fine details
Many material options
High strength parts
Very good surface finish and accuracy
Little need for secondary machining


Engine components, pump components, appliance housing, aerospace industries, power generation industries, complex shapes turbine blades , cooling systems, equiaxed blades, triggers, hammers, military, medical industries , commercial industries and automotive industries, engine blocks, manifolds, national defense, agriculture, construction, mining, material handling, general industrial equipment, machine bases, gears, pulleys, scaffold, etc.


Investment casting is an industrial process based on and also called lost-wax casting, one of the oldest
known metal-forming techniques.From 5,000 years ago, when beeswax formed the pattern, to today’s high-
technology waxes, refractory materials and specialist alloys, the castings allow the production of
components with accuracy, repeatability, versatility and integrity in a variety of metals and high-
performance alloys. Lost-foam casting is a modern form of investment casting that eliminates certain steps in the process.
There are a variety of materials that can be used for the investment casting process, including stainless
steel alloys, brass, aluminum, and carbon steel. The material is poured into a ceramic cavity designed to
create an exact duplicate of the desired part. Investment casting can reduce the need for secondary
machining by providing castings to shape.
Casts can be made of the wax model itself, the direct method; or of a wax copy of a model that need not be
of wax, the indirect method. The following steps are for the indirect process which can take two days to one
week to complete.
Produce a master pattern: An artist or mould-maker creates an original pattern from wax, clay, wood,
plastic, steel, or another material.
Mouldmaking: A mould, known as the master die, is made of the master pattern. The master pattern may
be made from a low-melting-point metal, steel, or wood. If a steel pattern was created then a low-melting-
point metal may be cast directly from the master pattern. Rubber moulds can also be cast directly from the
master pattern. The first step may also be skipped if the master die is machined directly into steel.
Produce the wax patterns: Although called a wax pattern, pattern materials also include plastic and frozen
mercury. Wax patterns may be produced in one of two ways. In one process the wax is poured into the
mold and swished around until an even coating, usually about 3 mm (0.12 in) thick, covers the inner surface
of the mould. This is repeated until the desired thickness is reached. Another method is filling the entire
mould with molten wax, and let it cool, until a desired thickness has set on the surface of the mould. After
this the rest of the wax is poured out again, the mould is turned upside down and the wax layer is left to
cool and harden. With this method it is more difficult to control the overall thickness of the wax layer.
If a core is required, there are two options: soluble wax or ceramic. Soluble wax cores are designed to melt
out of the investment coating with the rest of the wax pattern, whereas ceramic cores remain part of the
wax pattern and are removed after the workpiece is cast.
Assemble the wax patterns: The wax pattern is then removed from the mould. Depending on the
application multiple wax patterns may be created so that they can all be cast at once. In other applications,
multiple different wax patterns may be created and then assembled into one complex pattern. In the first
case the multiple patterns are attached to a wax sprue, with the result known as a pattern cluster, or tree;
as many as several hundred patterns may be assembled into a tree. Foundries often use registration marks
to indicate exactly where they go.The wax patterns are attached to the sprue or each other by means of a
heated metal tool.The wax pattern may also be chased, which means the parting line or flashing are rubbed
out using the heated metal tool. Finally it is dressed, which means any other imperfections are addressed
so that the wax now looks like the finished piece.
Investment: The ceramic mould, known as the investment, is produced by three repeating steps: coating,
stuccoing, and hardening. The first step involves dipping the cluster into a slurry of fine refractory material
and then letting any excess drain off, so a uniform surface is produced. This fine material is used first to
give a smooth surface finish and reproduce fine details. In the second step, the cluster is stuccoed with a
coarse ceramic particle, by dipping it into a fluidised bed, placing it in a rainfall-sander, or by applying by
hand. Finally, the coating is allowed to harden. These steps are repeated until the investment is the
required thickness, which is usually 5 to 15 mm (0.2 to 0.6 in). Note that the first coatings are known as
prime coats. An alternative to multiple dips is to place the cluster upside-down in a flask and then liquid
investment material is poured into the flask. The flask is then vibrated to allow entrapped air to escape and
help the investment material fill in all of the details.Common refractory materials used to create the
investments are: silica, zircon, various aluminium silicates, and alumina. Silica is usually used in the fused
silica form, but sometimes quartz is used because it is less expensive. Aluminium silicates are a mixture of
alumina and silica, where commonly used mixtures have an alumina content from 42 to 72%; at 72%
alumina the compound is known as mullite. During the

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